- (historical) The dispersion of the Jews among the Gentiles after the Babylonian captivity (6th century ).
- (by extension) Any similar dispersion.
- (collective) A group so dispersed, especially Jews outside of the land of Israel.
- The regions where such a dispersed group (especially the Jews) resides, taken collectively.
- Any dispersion of an originally homogeneous entity, such as a language or culture.
Borrowed from Ancient Greek διασπορά (dispersion).